zooblogogy:

The World’s Cutest Extinct Species?
The world’s smallest mammoth species, Mammuthus creticus, has recently been reported to have stood around 1 metre tall, around the size of a baby African elephant (Loxodonta africana). The fossils were found on the island of Crete in 1904, but only last year the discovery of a forelimb bone revealed the fossils to belong to the world’s smallest known mammoth species.
The mimi mammoth is an example of the Island Rule, where large species get smaller and small species get larger on islands. Other examples of nanism or dwarfism include Homo floresiensis, a human species which stood less than 1 metre tall. In the other direction as examples of gigantism, a 12kg species of rabbit (Nuralagus rex) once inhabited Minorca, and the most famous case is the well known giant tortoise of the Galapagos islands.
Reasons for these dramatic size changes are not fully understood, but it’s thought that the removal of predation risk on islands enables large species to evolve to be smaller, and the lack of larger competitors like mammalian browsers enables small species to become larger. Whatever the reason, move over micro pigs - I want a micro mammoth.
Illustration by Victor Leshyk

zooblogogy:

The World’s Cutest Extinct Species?

The world’s smallest mammoth species, Mammuthus creticus, has recently been reported to have stood around 1 metre tall, around the size of a baby African elephant (Loxodonta africana). The fossils were found on the island of Crete in 1904, but only last year the discovery of a forelimb bone revealed the fossils to belong to the world’s smallest known mammoth species.

The mimi mammoth is an example of the Island Rule, where large species get smaller and small species get larger on islands. Other examples of nanism or dwarfism include Homo floresiensis, a human species which stood less than 1 metre tall. In the other direction as examples of gigantism, a 12kg species of rabbit (Nuralagus rex) once inhabited Minorca, and the most famous case is the well known giant tortoise of the Galapagos islands.

Reasons for these dramatic size changes are not fully understood, but it’s thought that the removal of predation risk on islands enables large species to evolve to be smaller, and the lack of larger competitors like mammalian browsers enables small species to become larger. Whatever the reason, move over micro pigs - I want a micro mammoth.

Illustration by Victor Leshyk

(via scientificillustration)

@2 years ago with 200 notes
  1. heffyworldbuilding reblogged this from heffydoodle
  2. peppersmink reblogged this from scientificillustration
  3. adistinguishedvillain reblogged this from opiumtwin
  4. opiumtwin reblogged this from scientificillustration and added:
    Aww. :(
  5. fairy-pokemon reblogged this from in-the-madness-with-dr-stein
  6. in-the-madness-with-dr-stein reblogged this from ihopeoprahgetscancelled and added:
    Not quite puppy sized but cutr
  7. charlesfosterofdensen reblogged this from scientificillustration
  8. thatssolid reblogged this from zooblogogy
  9. thecjm reblogged this from scientificillustration
  10. jazzykitty reblogged this from zooblogogy
  11. gillwho reblogged this from imhedwig
  12. drugz reblogged this from scientificillustration
  13. everycreepingthing reblogged this from scientificillustration
  14. braingasmic reblogged this from zooblogogy and added:
    cuteness? I’m unfamiliar with...scientific categorization and measurement
  15. ladylilith333 reblogged this from scientificillustration
  16. abandoned-little-crook reblogged this from mezzotessitura
  17. xmen-jubilee reblogged this from mezzotessitura
  18. mezzotessitura reblogged this from quitefair
  19. mrdoodleloves reblogged this from zooblogogy
  20. aardonyx reblogged this from scientificillustration
  21. marymarysocontrary reblogged this from freckles42
  22. varabai reblogged this from scientificillustration
  23. genderstudier reblogged this from starlikesight
  24. gidgetpony reblogged this from scientificillustration
  25. laketide reblogged this from scientificillustration
  26. starlikesight reblogged this from clamurtits
  27. petrak reblogged this from scientificillustration
  28. antropoptero reblogged this from scientificillustration